1900 - 1910
On the 27 November 1900 at a Native Land Court sitting in Te Kuiti presiding Judge William Gilbert Mair ordered that title is granted to 118 Natives of a block named Rangitoto Tuhua No 74.
It contained 5,796 hectares (14,317 acres).
Its northern and southern boundaries were the rivers – Mangakahu to the north and Taringamotu in the south. Rangitoto Tuhua No 56 & 52 (Hikurangi) Blocks flanked the west, with Rangitoto Tuhua No 73 (Otamakahi), 66 & 67 Blocks to the east.
The block was surveyed by Percy Ward and the boundaries confirmed by Te Huia Kiingi.
In 1902 to pay for the survey Percy Ward presented Te Huia Kingi, on behalf of the owners, a bill for £255. 12. 10. Payment was not forthcoming and subsequently Ward applied to the Native Land Court for restitution.
On 20 November 1906 Native Land Court Judge Sim awarded the Crown 1,245 acres (504 hectares) in lieu of survey costs for the Rangitoto Tuhua No.74 Block.
1910 Protection and Preservation
As a result of the survey lien land and partitions by various hapū and whānau the block had reduced to 2,118 hectares (5,198) acres) comprising 7 unamalgamated blocks.
On 30 November 1910 the Native Land Court named the following as owners in the block to be known as Rangitoto Tuhua 74B 6G Incorporated.
|Ani te Huia
|Kino te Omeka
|Kiingi te Omeka
|Ngarongo te Huia
|Ngahuinga te Omeka
|Ngamata te Omeka
|Rangitaiapo te Hihi
|Tiaraukura te Huia
|Taera te Huia
|Taumoana te Rangi
|Te Anini Matena
|Te Wharangi Ngamihi
|Te Huia Kiingi
|Te Omeka Kiingi
|Te Aritahi Omeka
|Te Koea Omeka
|Te Kou Ngawaka
|Te Houpapa te Uru
|Te Hihi Rangawhenua
|Te Raiherea te Matiu
|Te Hakireme te Omeka
|Te Waimato Tupu
|Te Hiahia Taera
|Te Wera te Omeka
|Te Arahori Ngawaka
|Te Ata Rangiua
|Te Reme te Huia
|Te Whare te Huia
|Te Puea Ngarotata
|Wiki te Haurangi
Tiaraukura Te Huia
Te Puea Ngarotata
Ani Te Huia
Te Wharangi Ngamihi
Te Huia Kingi
[If you have a photo of an original owner and would like it posted on this page, please contact us]
The members of the first (1910) Committee of Management were Te Huia Kiingi (Chairman), Tukotahi Hautapu, Te Houpapa te Uru, Te Whare Te Huia and Ngarotata Nuitone.
Hotukopa, Mokena Patupatu, Kiingi Omeka, Tawhaki Matena, Tupuoho Ngarotata, Kura Tupu, Whiti Te Uru (Houpapa), Hone Titari Matena, Tame Houpapa, Wharangi Ngarotata also served as Committee of Management members during this period.
The land was divided into four lease blocks to be developed and farmed by Te Whare te Huia, Faith Brice, Francis Brice and Johanna Marie Albrechtson.
In 1955 the leases were wound up and for 3 years the Incorporation was under the control of the Māori Trustee until new court orders were issued under the statutes of the Māori Affairs Act 1953.
1958 The Turning Point
On 12 November 1958 the Māori Land Court ordered Rangitoto Tuhua 74B6G Incorporated is to be known as Te Uranga B2 Incorporation.
And that the Incorporation's objectives are to:
- Arrange and grant leases of those portions of the block not subject to Part XXIV of the said Act.
- To co-operate, assist and advise the department of Māori Affairs in the farming and development of the Hikurangi Development Scheme for the remainder of the block.
- To refinance the development debt and obtain a release of the block from the provisions of Part XXIV of the Act and for thereafter carry on an agricultural and pastoral business thereon for the benefit of owners. AND THE COURT DOTH HEREBY FIX the quorum for general meetings of owners at fifteen owners.
Te Uranga B2 Incorporation now comprised 6 amalgamated blocks totalling 1989.8 ha (4877 acres)
Kahumako Utiku and Mika te Rehu withdrew their block known as Paatara from the Incorporation.
Through successions the number of owners increased to 161 and as directed by the Māori Land Court a new Committee of Management was appointed by the owners at a meeting convened in Taumarunui at 2 o’clock on 19 November 1958.
Elected were John (Jack) Seymour Wooster (Chairman), Morehu Houpapa (Secretary), Moari Matena, Henare Matetu and Ngarotata Nuitone.
To serve also as Committee of Management members during this period was - Pita Koroheke, Percy Ngarotata, David Kawau, Howard Morgan, Marina McDonald, Garry Houpapa, Leo Te Ra Putahi and Lily Kilgour.
Of the land –
- Blocks known as Koromiko and Moti totalling 154 hectares were leased to P. McGuiness and Z. Sissons [lease expired 1987]
- 50 hectare block known as Motiwai was leased to Whitiaua Houpapa [lease expired 2001]
- Hiangamatau comprising 46 hectares was included in the Taringamotu Development Scheme until such time that development was complete [returned to the Incorporation 2010]
- The remaining 1789 ha was to be farmed and developed through the Hikurangi Block Development Scheme. This was supervised by the Māori Affairs until 1960 when the Lands and Survey Department took over.
(L) Hon. Minister Ben Couch & Jack Wooster, Chairman te Uranga B2 Inc. B/G Moari Matena (R) with member of Minister's party
On 30 June 1981 the Minister of Māori Affairs Ben Couch formally handed control of Te Uranga B2 Incorporation back to its owners at Kaitupeka Marae.
In the Ruapehu Press Minister Couch was reported as saying, “The block was being handed over debt free and with a credit balance in the bank. The property was in good shape with excellent facilities. Māori people had come of age and it was up to them to take over the land and run it as a business.”
Ta Hepi te Heu Heu was also there and said:
“He thought he would never see the day when land was handed back to the Māori owners.” He also said, “It was up to Māori owners to make sure the land did not revert back to fern and scrub.”
The Committee of Management members at 1981 were Jack Wooster (Chairman), Garry Houpapa (Secretary), Lily Kilgour, Koni Houpapa and Moari Matena.
Other members of the Committee of Management during this period were Te Ra Kuini Wright, Stuart Kui, and Norman Joseph Wi.
Graeme Murray who was the farm manager during the latter period of the Māori Affairs and Lands and Survey regime continued to manage the block until 1989 when he left to farm in Ohura where he still is.
A neighbouring 402 hectare freehold block, belonging to Spillane, was purchased 1985.
Fred Lambert replaced Graeme Murray as the farm manager.
(L) Jack Wooster (R) Graeme Murray
Background (L) Mona Wooster (R) Lily Kilgour
1990 Decade of Opportunity
The 1990s – a decade of opportunity when the Incorporation established the following:
- Protection of re-generating forest under Ngā Whenua Rāhui Kawenata
- Forestry Right with Carter Holt Harvey
- Nga Kohatu Commemorative Site
- Dairy conversion to supply Kiwi Co-operative
- Education grants for shareholders and their uri
By the end of the decade Te Uranga B2 was receiving income from milk, forestry, wool, sheep meat and beef cattle.
Vonda Houpapa, Jo Wi, Stuart Kiu, Derek Wooster (Chairman), Andrew Martin, Alan Cockle and Carl Jones served as Committee of Management members.
This was a time to strengthen and enhance business initiatives established earlier. A commitment to pay off the dairy conversion loan from Wrightsons within 10 years was achieved. The Committee was ready for its next challenge and it came in the way of another land purchase.
In 2006 – a 120 ha dairy farm that had been established on Paatara (the block withdrawn from the Incorporation, by its owners, back in 1958) went on the market. The Incorporation was happy that it could return Paatara to within the threshold of Rangitoto Tuhua 74B 6G - Te Uranga B2 Incorporation.
Traci Houpapa joined the Committee of Management in 2000.
2012 Commerce and Culture
The foundations laid by previous Committees which have strongly positioned the Inc. as an important member of the regional community. The Inc. is known for its professional approach to business management and farming operations, and enjoys strong working relationships with key stakeholders regionally and nationally.
In 2010 Te Uranga B2 began supplying milk from its two dairy farms to Miraka, owned by a group of Māori trusts and incorporations namely, Wairarapa Moana Incorporation, Tuaropaki Trust, Waipapa 9 Trust, Hauhungaroa Partnership, Tauhara Moana Trust and Huiarau Farms. Their strategic partners and investors include Te Awahohonu Forest Trust Limited, Vinamilk, a leading milk manufacturer and dairy products enterprise in Vietnam and Global Dairy Network who bring experience and knowledge in dairy sales and marketing internationally.
The challenge for today's committee is to balance commercial and cultural imperatives to achieve overall improved benefits to its shareholders.
In September 2012 a 36 ha block on the south-west boundary of the incorporation was purchased. This block was part of the original Rangitoto Tuhua 74 Block but was more recently owned by the McGuinesses who used to lease the Koromiko and Moti blocks.
In 2012 Andrew Martin resigned and was replaced by Kaike Kereopa the following year. In 2014 Alan Cockle retired and Richard Burgess took his place. At the 2015 Annual General Meeting Jonathon Kilgour and Andrew Martin replaced Traci Houpapa and Kaike Kereopa. Long serving (28 years) committee member Vonda Houpapa retired in 2016 with Donna Tuwhangai - an associate member of the Committee of Management - was elected to fill the vacancy.
In 2017 Alan Cockle was re-elected replacing Richard Burgess. In 2018 Jonathon Kilgour and Andrew Martin retired to be replaced by Lee Ramahi Hall and Wikitoria Taane.
The Incorporation was invited to participate in two major research programmes - Reducing Green Houses Gases by Scion, in partnership with AgFirst, led by Dr Tanira Kingi (Scion) based in Rotorua, and managed by Phil Journeaux (AgFirst) and Native Biodiversity conducted by Canterbury University Professor David Norton.
Findings from these two reports, Te Uranga B2's extensive management and production reports, and various recent and impending Crown legislation will be used to formulate the Incorporation's strategic and business plan for the next 30 years entitled Whole Farm Plan. The Committee of Management has engaged John Paul Praat and Peter Handford from Groundtruth compile this plan with advice from the committee and shareholders.
A draft of the Whole Farm Plan will be presented to the shareholders at the 2021 Annual general meeting in November.
This video featuring Graeme Murray, former Hikurangi Station farm manager, was filmed in June 2012 during the stock audit. The weather was cold and wet! The opening voiceover says Graeme was there from the mid 1980s to the late 1990s - NOT - it was the mid 1970s to the late 1980s. The 'Uncle Jack' he refers to is John Seymour Wooster who was the chairman from 1958 - 1990.